N.C.S.R. "Demokritos"


Department of Materials Science

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Provenance and technology of ancient and modern materials

During the recent years a series of methods has been developed and refined to study the provenance and technology of ancient materials. A major part of the studies was focused on archaeological ceramics from different periods and areas. The ceramic provenance studies are based mainly on chemical analysis of the bulk composition and petrographic examination. For this reason the laboratory established a large database of relevant reference data of ceramics and raw materials. The studies commonly include technological questions, such as raw material selection, clay paste preparation, firing temperature and material properties of the end product.

Relevant journal articles

  • Evely, D., Hein, A. and Nodarou, E. (2012) Crucibles from Palaikastro, East Crete: Insights into Metallurgical Technology in the Aegean Late Bronze Age, Journal of Archaeological Science 39, 6, 1821-1836.
  • Hein, A., Kilikoglou, V. (2012) ceraDAT - Prototype of a web-based relational database for archaeological ceramics, Archaeometry 54, 2, 230-243.
  • Baxter, M.J., Beardah, C.C., Papageorgiou, I., Cau, M.A., Day, P.M., Kilikoglou, V. (2008) On statistical approaches to the study of ceramic artefacts using geochemical and petrographic data, Archaeometry 50, 142-157.
  • Hein, A., Georgopoulou, V., Nodarou, E., Kilikoglou, V. (2008) Koan amphorae from Halasarna - investigations in a Hellenistic amphora production centre, Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1049-1061.
  • Nodarou, E., Frederick, C., Hein, A. (2008) Another (mud)brick in the wall: scientific analysis of Bronze Age earthen construction materials from East Crete, Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 2997-3015.
  • Belfiore, C.M., Day, P.M., Hein, A., Kilikoglou, V., La Rosa, V., Mazzoleni, P., Pezzino, A. (2007) Petrographic and chemical characterization of pottery production of the Late Minoan I kiln at Haghia Triada, Crete, Archaeometry 49, 621-653.
  • Carter, T., Kilikoglou, V. (2007) From reactor to royalty? Aegean and Anatolian Obsidians from Quartier Mu, Malia (Crete), Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 20, 115-143.
  • Hein, A., Kilikoglou, V., Kassianidou, V. (2007) Chemical and mineralogical examination of metallurgical ceramics from a Late Bronze Age copper smelting site in Cyprus, Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 141-154.
  • Jones, R.E., Kilikoglou, V., Olive, V., Bassiakos, Y., Ellam, R., Bray, I.S.J., Sanderson, D.C.W. (2007) A new protocol for the chemical characterisation of steatite - two case studies in Europe: the Shetland Islands and Crete, Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 626-641.
  • Kilikoglou, V., Grimanis, A.P., Tsolakidou, A., Hein, A., Malamidou, D., Tsirtsoni, Z. (2007) Neutron activation patterning of archaeological materials at the National Center for Scientific Research 'Demokritos': The case of black-on-red Neolithic pottery from Macedonia, Greece, Archaeometry 49, 301-319.
  • Hein, A., Day, P.M., Cau Ontiveros, M.A., Kilikoglou, V. (2004) Red clays from Central and Eastern Crete: Geochemical and mineralogical properties in view of provenance studies on ancient ceramics, Applied Clay Science 24, 245-255.
  • Hein, A., Day, P.M., Quinn, P.S., Kilikoglou, V. (2004) The geochemical diversity of neogene clay deposits in crete and its implications for provenance studies of minoan pottery, Archaeometry 46, 357-384.
  • Hein, A., Mommsen, H., Zender, G. (2004) Pliocene clays from Aegina (Greece): Reference material for chemical provenance studies on Bronze Age pottery from the island, Geoarchaeology 19, 553-564.
  • Garrigós, J.B.I., Jones, R.E., Kilikoglou, V., Levi, S.T., Maniatis, Y., Mitchell, J., Vagnetti, L., Wardle, K.A., Andreou, S. (2003) Technology transfer at the periphery of the Mycenaean world: The cases of Mycenaean pottery found in Central Macedonia (Greece) and the plain of Sybaris (Italy), Archaeometry 45, 263-284.
  • Hein, A., Tsolakidou, A., Iliopoulos, I., Mommsen, H., Buxeda i Garrigós, J., Montana, G., Kilikoglou, V. (2002) Standardisation of elemental analytical techniques applied to provenance studies of archaeological ceramics: An inter laboratory calibration study, Analyst 127, 542-553.
  • Buxeda I Garrigós, J., Kilikoglou, V., Day, P.M. (2001) Chemical and mineralogical alteration of ceramics from a Late Bronze Age kiln at Kommos, Crete: The effect on the formation of a reference group, Archaeometry 43, 349-371.
  • Day, P.M., Kiriatzi, E., Tsolakidou, A., Kilikoglou, V. (1999) Group therapy in Crete: A comparison between analyses by NAA and thin section petrography of Early Minoan pottery, Journal of Archaeological Science 26, 1025-1036.
  • Department of Materials Science, N.C.S.R. "Demokritos", 153 10 Aghia Paraskevi, Attiki, phone: +30 210 6503381, fax: +30 210 6519430
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