Association for the Study of Marble and Other Stones used in Antiquity



7th International Conference


             Thassos, Greece 15 – 20 September 2003

The conference is sponsored by:

ˇ  The Greek Ministry of Culture

ˇ  The Greek Ministry of the Aegean

ˇ  The Association of Marble Enterprises of Macedonia and Thrace

ˇ  The Laskarides Marble S.A.

ˇ   F.H.L. I. Kyriakidis Marble S.A. 



(For news on the publication of the Proceedings go to home page)







Sunday 14/9/2003


17:00 – 19:00 Pre-Registration at the Conference building “Kalogeriko”




Monday 15/9/2003


08:30 – 09:30 Registration at the Conference building “Kalogeriko”

09:30 – 10:00 Welcome remarks – Opening of the Conference

10:00 – 10:30 Invited talk: “The Island of Thassos and the Aegean World”

                                             Ch. Koukouli-Chryssanthaki and S. Papadopoulos


10:30 – 11:00 Coffee Break


Session I: Specific Archaeological Questions – Use of Marble




11:00 – 11:20 Thassian marble: A connection between Thassos and Thessaloniki

Th. Stefanidou-Tiveriou


11:20 – 11:40 Tivoli Centaurs and the Thassian legacy

G.A. Hess


11:40 – 12:00 Thassian Julios Caesar

E.J. Walters


12:00 – 12:20  Macedonian workmanship in a Thassian marble Hadrian in providence?

G.E Borromeo, J.J. Herrmann, Jr., and N. Herz


12:20 – 12:40  White marbles in the triclinium of the casa del Bacciale d’Oro (VI, 17, INS.OCC., 42)

J. Clayton Fant, S. Cancelliere, L. Lazzarini, M.P. Martinez, B. Turi


12:40 – 13:00 Capitals with fine-toothed acanthus and the quarries of Dokimeion

J.J. Herrmann, Jr., and R. Tykot


13:00 – 13:20 A new head of Augustus from Herculaneum: A marble survivor of Vesuvius’ pyrosclastic surge

J. Pollini


13:20 – 16:00 Lunch Break




16:00 – 16:20 Harvard’s marble boy: a case study in early restoration

                        A. Jones


16:20 – 16:40 The Naxian Colossus at Delos: “Same Stone”

                        P.A. Butz


16:40 – 17:00  Investigations on marbles and stones used in Augustean monuments of western alpine provinces

A. Betori, M. Gomez Serito, P. Pensabene


17:00 – 17:20  Fluvian amphitheatre: the cavea and the portico. Comments about the quality, quantity and the working of its marbles

                        F. Bianchi, M. Bruno, A. Coletta


17:20 – 18:00 Coffee Break




18:00 – 18:20  New investigations on the pedimental sculptures of the “Hieron” of Samothrace: a preliminary report

                        O. Palagia, Y. Maniatis, E. Dotsika, D. Kavoussanaki


18:20 – 18:40  Provenance investigation of some marble sarcophagi from Arles with stable isotope and maximum grain size analysis (13)

                       V. Gaggadis-Robin, C. Sintes, D. Kavoussanaki, E. Dotsika, Y. Maniatis


18:40 – 19:00 The marble world of Hagia Sophia



19:00 – 19:20 Faustino Corsi and the coloured marbles of Derbyshire

                        L. Cook, I. Thomas


21:00   Welcome Party




Tuesday 16/9/2003


Session II: New Quarries




09:00 – 09:20 A granodiorite quarry of ptolemaic-roman age in Wadi Abu Bokari, Eastern desert, Egypt           

                      J. A. Harrell


09:20 – 09:40 Characterization of calacarenite quarries in East Crete: sourcing Ashlar blocks at Gournia

                        S. Pike, J. Soles



Session III: Quarring techniques and geology




09:40 – 10:00 New findings in the extraction of red granite during the new Kingdom and Roman period at the unfinished obelisk quarry, Aswan

                        A. Kelany


10:00 – 10:20 Hard stone quarring in the Egyptian old Kingdom (3rd Millenium BC): rethinking the social organisation

                        E. Bloxam, P. Storemyr, T. Heldal


10:20 – 11:00 Coffee break


11:00 – 11:20 The ancient Egyptian quarry at Dibabiya

                        T. Endo, S. Nishimoto


11:20 – 11:40 Pharaonic limestone quarries in Wadi Nakhla/Egypt

                        D. Klemm, R. Klemm


11:40 – 12:00 Ancient and modern quarries in Delos        

P. Hadjidakis, D. Matarangas, M. Varti-Matarangas


12:00 – 12:20 The Ephesian marble quarries. Topography, analysis, conclusions

                       K. Koller, P. Depaepe, L. Moens


12:20 – 12:40 Geological constraints on the development of prehistoric quarries

                        P. LaPorta


12:40 – 13:00 GPS and GIS methodology in the mapping of chephren´s quarry, upper Egypt: a significant tool for the documentation and interpretation of the site

                        T. Heldal, P. Storemyr, A. Salem, E. Bloxam, I. Shaw, R. Lee


13:00 – 13:20 Ancient stone quarries: vulnerable archaeological sites threatened by modern development

                       P. Storemyr, T. Heldal


13:20 – 16:00 Lunch Break


16:00 – 18:00 Poster session



Session IV: Stone Carving and Dressing and Databases




18:00 – 18:20 Some rectangular sarcophagi from Roman period in Thassos, from the quarry to the purpose place

                        M. Wurch-Kozelj, T. Kozelj


18:20 – 18:40 A reinterpretation of the block concerning the wine law in Thassos

                        T. Kozelj, M. Wurch-Kozelj


18:40 – 19:00 Considerations about ancient sculptural technique

                        M. Bruno


19:00 – 19:20 Coprus of ancient greek quarries    

G. Kokkorou-Alevras, E. Poupaki, A. Chatziconstantinou, A. Efstathopoulos


21:00              Garden Party at the French School




Wednesday 17/9/2003


Session V: Pigments and paintings on marble




09:00 – 09:20 Polychrome Helenistic sculpture in Delos. Research on surface treatments of ancient marble sculpture. Part II

                        B. Bourgeois, P. Jockey


09:20 – 09:40 The role of X-ray fluorescence analysis towards the characterisation of pigments and techniques applied on Hellenistic marble sculpture and paintings

                        H. Breculaki, A. Karydas, P. Jockey, B. Bourgeois



Session VI: Provenance identification-marble


09:40 – 10:00 Calcitic marble from Thassos in Macedonia and in Nea Anchialos, Magnesia, central Greece

A. Mentzos, V. Barbin, J. J. Herrmann Jr


10:00 – 10:20 The torre sgarrata wreck: characterisation and provenance of white marble artefacts in the cargo

                        A. Calia, M.T. Gianotta, L. Lazzarini, G. Quarta


10:20 – 10:40 The use of calcitic and dolomitic Thasian marbles at Cyrene

                        D. Attanasio, S. Kane, R. Platania, P. Rocchi


10:40 – 11:20 Coffee Break


11:20 – 11:40 Marmor Thessalicum (verde antico): Source, Distribution, and Characterisation

                        L. Lazzarini, S. Cancelliere


11:40 – 12:00 Marble objects from Asia minor in the Berlin collection of classical antiquities: Characteristics and provenance

                        T. Cramer, K. Germann, W.–D. Heilmeyer, V. Kaestner


12:00 – 12:20 On the provenance of white marbles used in the baths of Caracalla in Rome

                        M. Bruno, C. Gorgoni, P. Pallante


12:20 – 12:40 Marble from Pentelikon, Paros, Thassos and Proconnesus in ancient Israel: an attempt at chronological distinctions

                        M. Fischer


12:40 – 13:00 Dolomitic marble from Thassos in the Montemartini Museum, Rome

A. Van den Hoek, J. J. Herrmann Jr, R. Newman, E. Talano


13:00 – 13:20 The torre sgarrata wreck (South Italy): marble artefacts in the cargo

                        F. Gabellone, M. T. Giannotta, A. Monte, A. Alessio


13:20 – 16:00 Lunch Break




16:00 – 16:20 Stable isotope analysis of three mythological sarcophagi at the Risd Museum

                        F. Van Keuren, L. P. Gromet


16:20 – 16:40 The "Keros Hoard": provenance of marbles and their possible sources with a combination of scientific techniques

                        Y. Maniatis, P. Sotirakopoulou, K. Polikreti, E. Dotsika, I. Tzavidopoulos


16:40 – 17:00 Provenance investigation of neolithic marble vases from Limeraria, Thassos: Imported marble to Thassos?

                        Y. Maniatis, S. Papadopoulos, E. Dotsika, D. Kavoussanaki, E. Tzavidopoulos


17:00 – 17:20 Provenance study of Roman marble artefacts of an excavation near  Oberdrauburg (Carinthia, Austria)

                        M. Unterwurzacher, H. Stadler, C. Franzen, P. Mirwald


17:20 – 18:20 POSTER SESSION and Coffee Break



Session VII: Provenance identification-other stones




18:00 – 18:20 Early Neolithic obsidian trade in Northern Italy: New results from Isola del Giglio

                        R. H. Tykot, M. Brandaglia, M. D. Glascock, R. J. Speakman


18:20 – 18:40 Characterisation of obsidian samples from Monte Arci (Sardinia, Italy): implications for provenance studies

                        S. Meloni, C. Luglie, M. Oddone, L. Giordani


18:40 – 19:00 On stones used as tesserae of Roman mosaics (Lombardy, Italy)

                        R. Bugini, L. Folli


19:00 – 19:20 The natural building stones of Helenistic to Byzantine sagalassos: provenance determination through petrographic analysis and stable isotope geochemistry

                        P. Degryse, P. Muchez, E. Trogh, M. Waelkens


19:20 – 19:40 Provenance of soapstone used in medieval buildings in the Bergen region, West Norway

                        O. J. Jansen, T. Heldal, R. B. Pedersen, S. H. H. Kaland


21:00              Symposium Dinner




Thursday 18/9/2003


Session VIII: Stone properties-restoration




09:00 – 09:20 Characterisation of the timeless white marble of Thassos

                        K. Laskaridis, V. Perdikatsis


09:20 – 09:40 Correlation of mineralogy and physical properties from stones used for the restoration of ancient monuments in the Epidavros archaeological site

A. Tsikouras, K. Mihopoulos, K. Hatzipanagiotou, N. Ninis


09:40 – 10:00 Experimental study of the poro-mechanical properties of ancient foundation stones and restoration mortars encountered in the restoration works of the Tholos of Epidaurus

                        I. Vardoulakis, I. –O. Georgopoulos, A. Pachigianni


10:00 – 10:20 Study of the behaviour of Serpentinite stones used for the construction of ancient Dioklitianoupoli in Northern Greece

I. Papayianni, M. Stefanidou


10:20 – 11:00 Coffee break


11:00 – 11:20 Conservation and restoration of marble sculptures in ancient Greece: the case of archaic sculpture

                        E. Leka


11:20 – 11:40 Mechanical properties of Dionysos marble tested in Triaxial compression

I.–O. Georgopoulos, I. Vardoulakis, J. Labuz


11:40 – 12:00 Where have all the columns gone? The re-use and loss of antiquities in the Eastern Mediterranean

                        M. Greenhalgh


Session IX: Techniques and developments




12:00 – 12:20 Provenance studies of Lapis Lazuli nondestructive prompt gamma acivation analysis (PGAA)

I. Zöldföldi, Zs. Kasztovszky


12:20 – 12:40 Raman microspectrometry and PIXE investigation of Maya green stones from Calakmul, Mexico

                        T.–H. Chen, R. Garcia-Moreno, M. Menu


12:40 – 13:00 An attempt for Greek marble discrimination based on trace- and isotope- analyses combined with mineralogical and petrographical analysis

                        K. Kritsotakis, V. Perdikatsis, K. Laskaridis


13:00 – 13:20 A non destructive methodology for the characterization of white marble of artistic and archaeological interest

                        F. Biricotti, M. Severi


13:20 – 16:00 Lunch break


Session X: Weathering effects




16:00 – 16:20 Archaeometry of Chert tools: for a non-destructive geochemical approach

                        B. Moroni, I. Borgia, M. Petrelli


16:20 – 16:40 Classifying Maltese prehistoric limestone megaliths by means of geochemical data

                        J. Cassar


16:40 – 17:00 The geochemistry of superficial C-O isotopic alteration of ancient marble artefacts

                        C. Gorgoni, P. Pallante


17:00 – 17:20 Gypsum as a building material at the Minoan site of Knossos

                        K. Kouzeli, E. Zgoutela


17:20 – 17:40 Coffee break


17:40 – 18:00 Closing Remarks


18:00 – 19:00 ASMOSIA Association Members, Business Meeting


21:00              Dinner






 (Tuesday 16/9/2003, 16:00-18:00 and Wednesday 17/9/2003, 17:20-18:20)


1.          In-situ cathodoluminescence measurements on surfaces of archaeological artifacts

P. Blanc, A. Blanc, D. Decrouez, P.-A. Proz, K. Ramseyer


2.          Fractal analysis (FA) and quantitative fabric analysis (QFA) data base of west anatolian white marbles

J. Zöldföldi, B. Székely


3.          "Granito del Foro" and "Granito di Nicotera": archaeometric problems

F. Antonelli, S. Cancelliere, L. Lazzarini , A. Solano


4.          The identification of the archaic marbles of Cyrene (Lybia)

L. Lazzarini, M. Luni, B. Turi


5.          The prehistoric ground stone implements from yartarla: the preliminary results of a geoarchaeological study in Tekirdag region (Eastern Thrace)

O. Ozbek


6.          The characterisation of rock texture on thin sections by digital image processing

N. Marinoni, A. Pavese, L. Trombino


7.          New isotopic and EPR data for 22 sculptures from the extramural sancuary of Demeter and Persephone at Cyrene

D. Attanasio, N. Herz, S. Kane


8.          White marbles from the Piazza d´Oro, the three exedrae and the building with peristyle and basin at Villa Adriana

D. Attanasio, G. Mesolella, P. Pensabene, R. Platania, P. Rocchi


9.          Mechanical characterisation of a conchyliates stone – the scale – and the strain – rate effects

N. L. Ninis, S. Kourkoulis, V. Bakolas


10.       Provenance study of marble from the Artemision of Ephesos

U. Muss, A. Bammer, L. Moens, P. de Pape, J. de Donder, K. Koller, M. Aurenhammer


11.       Marbles and coloured stones from the theatre of Caesaraugusta (Hispania)

P. Lapuente, B. Turi, P. Blanc


12.       The discovery of the greek origin of the" Breccia policroma della vittoria"

L. Lazzarini, F. Athanasiou


13.       Scientific characterisation of an important "Nero Antico" from Chios (Greece)

L. Lazzarini, B. Turi


14.       The mediterranean destribution of the most important stones of Roman and medieval  antiquity

L. Lazzarini


15.       The Certosa di Pavia monument: evaluation of the marble façade decay and implications for materials provenancing

L. Giordani, M. Oddone, S. Meloni


16.       New quarry blocks from the Fossa Traiana, Portus (Rome)

M. Bruno


17.       Archaeometry of Chert: a multi-method analytical approach

B. Moroni and P. Lapuente


18.       Geological – geomorphological observations and quantity measurements on the classical marble quarries of Aliki peninsula in Thassos (Greece), using remote sensing and GIS techniques

P. Tsompos, N. Epitropou, C. Skilodimou


19.       The use of coloured stones within marble décors of terrace house 2 in Ephesus

K. Koller


20.       The Opus Sectile pavements from the Baptistery in the Xanthos Cathedral (Lycia, Turkey)

M.–P. Raynaud, J. –P. Sodini


21.       Use of petrographic and geochemical parameters for archaeometric aims: the millstones of Ostia antica (Rome, Italy)

P. Morbidelli, P. Tucci, E. Azzaro, P. Pensabene


22.       Stone materials of the Roman villas around lake Garda (Italy)

E. Roffia, L. Folli, R. Bugini


23.       Gray marble sculpture in the montemartini (Capitoline) museum, Rome

R. H. Tykot, J. J. Herrmann Jr.


24.       Marble sculptures from the Rhode island school of design: provenance studies using stable isotope and other analyses

R. H. Tykot, G. E. Borromeo, K. Severson


25.       Sources of marble used for sculptures and mosaics in the Worcester museum of art

R. H. Tykot, M. Archambeault, L. Becker


26.       Archaeological problems of the "Kalzitkameo" from palazzo altemps in Rome

M. De Angelis d'Ossat


27.       Characterisation of stones used as stowage and Ballast in the ships of the ancient San Rossore harbour (Pisa)

E. Cantisani, F. Fratini, P. Pallecchi, E. Pecchioni, S. Rescic


28.       The survey of the marble veneering of the church of St. Vitale at Ravenna

N. Lombardini, G. Tucci, M. Iwade


29.       Stone in archaeology: towards a digital resource

K. Knowles, F. Lewis, D. Peacock


30.       New evidence of Roman quarrying from the El-Minya basalt flow, Tilal Sawda, Middle Egypt

P. Storemyr, T. Heldal , E. Bloxam, J. A. Harrell


31.       The Roman imperial quarries at Mons Porphyrites

J. B. Phillips


32.       Stone quarries in Kahramanmaraş valley (Southeastern Turkey) during the classical antiquity – preliminary results of a field survey

E. Laflı


33.       Quarrying at Termessos in Pisidia

G. Bradbury


34.       Geological and petrographic recognition of the construction materials in the ancient "via Egnatia"

K. Garagunis, A. Vgenopoulos, D. Katsinis, L. Oikonomidis, M. Papadakis, D. Pikopoulou-Tsolaki


35.       Ionic and charge mobility on weathered marble surfaces, studied by EPR spectroscopy

K. Polikreti, Y. Maniatis


36.       Sourcing the Stone Tools and Vessels from the North Sinai Survey Collection

J. S. Schneider, E. Oren, M. Gabay


37.       Ancient marbles from monumental structures in the Circus Flaminius in Rome and plastered travertine architectural elements of Bellona and Apollo Sosianus

Marilda De Nuccio


38.       Ancient construction (without mortar) and earthquake

A. Nakassis


39.       Gypsum: A Jewel in Minoan Palatial Architecture, Identification and Characterisation of its Varieties

S. Chlouveraki,  S. Lugli


1.          The taste of the marbles in Roman Villae (Tiburtina-Nomentana) (105)

M. Mariottini, E. Curti and E. Moscetti




Friday 19/9/2003

Field trip by coach to ancient and modern marble quarries

08:30   Departure by coach for a field trip to ancient marble quarries of Aliki, Byzantine marble quarries and various modern ones. On the way we will see various places of interest, archaeological sites (e.g. Neolithic and Bronze Age Limenaria), copper mines and some traditional villages of the island. Lunch at Aliki.

21:00   Return to Limenas


Cost of trip, including lunch: 30 Euros



Saturday 20/9/2003


Relaxing boat trip to dolomitic marble quarries


08:00   Departure by boat from Limenas. Visit by sea the quarries of Cape Fanari, Saliara, Vathy, Pyrgos, and other nice sites such as Panagia, Golden Sand Beech etc. Lunch on board.


16:00   Return to Limenas 


Cost of trip, including lunch: 30 Euros